Crisis response is a complex task where decision support on site together with distributed management requires a well-founded understanding of the underlying processes. Scattered and unstructured guidelines for prevention, detection and intervention constitute a most serious threat against sustainable development of supportive environments for accurate and efficient crisis response and management. Further, the lack of terminology and well-structured guidelines together with mostly non-existence of formal methodology for rigorous situation assessment based decision-making and response provisioning, leads to overlaps and inefficiency within crisis response, and even worse, to subjective decision-making and response processes that cannot be measured nor evaluated.

Spruce builds upon its Crisis Management Ontology by providing necessary and sufficient information and process structure, implemented for interconnectivity and interoperability, respectively, between (horizontal interoperability) and within (vertical interoperability) law enforcement, emergency medical services and rescue services.

Spruce thereby supports leadership within authorities, crisis managers, site managers and first responders to perform their tasks and interact accordingly in a wide range of crisis situations.

Spruce is shared by all stakeholders, and intended for a common European level management of crisis and disasters involving “blue light” vertical and horizontal coordination.

Spruce comes with process and ontology modelling tools for quality assurance and simulations, and integrates ontology based guidelines and contingency plans, together with structures, recommendations, stencils and templates for guideline and contingency plan development.

Spruce is a technical infrastructure and a communication platform for real-time coordinated crisis management and eCrisis services, and also contributing to ontology based Training-as-a-Service.